Italian Renaissance painting, XV-XVI centuries.
Painting Italy XV-early XVI century introduces the era of formation and flowering of Renaissance art. The ideological basis of the Italian culture of the Renaissance was humanism, and one of…

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The history of the collection (part 3)
The opening of the Moscow Public and Rumyantsev Museum in 1862 significantly stimulated the collecting activities of Muscovites, many of whom came from a merchant environment. By the opening of…

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Italian painting of XVII-XVIII centuries

Around 1600 in Rome formed two directions-caravaggism and academism, largely determined the further development of not only Italian but also the entire European painting of the subsequent time. Caravaggio and his followers as the main principle proclaimed appeal to reality, while the representatives of Bologna academism led by the Carracci brothers claimed the inviolability of the canons of classical art, enriched by the practice of full-scale drawing.

A striking example of caravaggism can serve as a picture of “Coronation thorns” Tommaso Salini, as well as” fruit Seller ” circle Bartolomeo Manfredi.

Bologna academism is represented in the Museum’s collection by the works of the leading representatives of this direction – Guido Reni, Simone Cantarini, Guercino, Luca Ferrari and other masters.

In Northern Italy, where painting developed in its own way, worked Bernardo Strozzi and Domenico fetti.

XVII century in the art of Italy is called the Baroque era. Its vivid exponents were the Roman Pietro da Cortona and the Neapolitan Luca Giordano. Baroque style gave a powerful impetus to the flowering of landscape, still life, genre paintings.

Innovative trends in painting at the turn of the XVII-XVIII centuries are particularly clearly expressed by Giuseppe Maria Crespi and Alessandro magnasco.

The last bright period in the development of Italian art is associated with Venice, which put forward in the XVIII century a whole galaxy of brilliant painters, such as Giambattista Tiepolo, Sebastiano Ricci, Crozato, Pittoni, Canaletto, Bellotto, Francesco Guardi.

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