Italian painting of XVII-XVIII centuries
Around 1600 in Rome formed two directions-caravaggism and academism, largely determined the further development of not only Italian but also the entire European painting of the subsequent time. Caravaggio and his followers as the main principle proclaimed appeal to reality, while the representatives of Bologna academism led by the Carracci brothers claimed the inviolability of the canons of classical art, enriched by the practice of full-scale drawing.
A striking example of caravaggism can serve as a picture of “Coronation thorns” Tommaso Salini, as well as” fruit Seller ” circle Bartolomeo Manfredi.
Bologna academism is represented in the Museum’s collection by the works of the leading representatives of this direction – Guido Reni, Simone Cantarini, Guercino, Luca Ferrari and other masters.
In Northern Italy, where painting developed in its own way, worked Bernardo Strozzi and Domenico fetti.
XVII century in the art of Italy is called the Baroque era. Its vivid exponents were the Roman Pietro da Cortona and the Neapolitan Luca Giordano. Baroque style gave a powerful impetus to the flowering of landscape, still life, genre paintings.
Innovative trends in painting at the turn of the XVII-XVIII centuries are particularly clearly expressed by Giuseppe Maria Crespi and Alessandro magnasco.
The last bright period in the development of Italian art is associated with Venice, which put forward in the XVIII century a whole galaxy of brilliant painters, such as Giambattista Tiepolo, Sebastiano Ricci, Crozato, Pittoni, Canaletto, Bellotto, Francesco Guardi.