Principal ballet of the century: Oscar Schlemmer and the Bauhaus theatre
The XX century was generous with artistic experiments, performances, plexus of different types of art, plotless, symbolic, abstract, provocative actions. But with all this defiant diversity, there is one theatrical…

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"Bavarian rose" - Empress Sissi. Ceremonial portraits, drama, life (part 1)
The extraordinary beauty of the Empress of Austria and fascinating conversations with her while posing admired Franz the Magnificent-artist Winterhalter. And sissy herself, as Elizabeth of Bavaria was called by…

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Tableau
In the film "Frida" literally recreated several iconic paintings of the artist. This was achieved through a combination of skilful shooting and digital effects. Julie Taymor says: "I believe that…

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20 masterpieces of painting that every child should know

We present the first issue of our “art guide” for children: if you want your child to be savvy in the cultural sphere-we offer to start small. Children often see these images, and we suggest to learn more about the popular sources of “memes”. Masterpieces are arranged in chronological order, each picture we report on one curious fact. To be continued: new issues of the heading we will make together with you.

Please note: “click” on the image opens the picture in full size, and under the picture you will find a full description of each work of this art collection.
1. Jan van Eyck, Portrait of the Arnolfini couple (1434)
Jan van Eyck. Portrait of the Arnolfini couple
Portrait of the Arnolfini couple
Jan van Eyck
1434, 82×60 cm
This is one of the most mysterious paintings in the world of painting. It is believed that the painting depicts the Italian merchant Giovanni di Nicolao Arnolfini and his wife in their house in Bruges. And here is further begin mysteries. Why spouses barefoot (they filmed the shoes present on the canvas)? Why does the candle in the chandelier burn over the man, but not over the woman? Is this how the artist makes it clear that by the time the painting was completed, Arnolfini’s wife was no longer in the world, and this painting was commissioned in memory of her? And pay attention to the mirror. There you see not only a reflection of the spouses. What kind of figure? Witnesses? “It seems that one of them is the painter himself, judging by the elegant inscription between the mirror and the chandelier: “Johannes van eyck fuit hic” or “Jan van Eyck was here.” And that’s not all the secrets of the cult canvas-art critics are unlikely to come to a consensus about this work in the near future.
Jan van Eyck. Portrait of the Arnolfini couple (fragment)
Portrait of the Arnolfini couple (fragment)
Jan van Eyck
One thousand four hundred thirty four
2. Sandro Botticelli, The Birth Of Venus (1482-1486)
Sandro Botticelli. Birth Of Venus
Birth Of Venus
Sandro Botticelli
1486, 172.5×278.5 cm
Born from the foam of the sea, the ancient goddess of love — Venus-arrives on the island of Crete. Botticelli painted a picture based on a myth, and over time, his work acquired myths. So, in some historical documents appears, as 7 February 1497 year the Dominican monk Girolamo Savonarola spodvig Christians in Florence ignite enormous a bonfire, to destroy “BRIC-a-brac”, not contributing strengthen Christian faith. Allegedly, Sandro Botticelli was one of the participants in the ceremony (followers of the ideas of the monk, his contemporaries called “crybabies”), and it seems that he personally threw into the fire a few of his paintings on mythological themes. But the flames of the fire spared ” the Birth of Venus.”
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3. Leonardo Da Vinci, the last supper (1495-1498)
Leonardo da Vinci. Last supper
Last supper
Leonardo da Vinci
1498, 460×880 cm
The artist was ordered to create a fresco in the Cathedral, But da Vinci adored experiments preferred to go the other way. He did not paint on wet plaster, as required by the technique of creating frescoes, and invented his method, covering the stone wall with a layer of resin, plaster and mastic. Alas, the experiment was unsuccessful. As a result, the religious plot — Christ’s communion with his disciples on the eve of the crucifixion — eventually became a real scourge for the restorers. Today, the work of Leonardo da Vinci contains about 20 percent of the original.
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4. Michelangelo Buonarroti, The Creation Of Adam (1511-1512)
Michelangelo Buonarroti. creation of Adam
creation of Adam
Michelangelo Buonarroti
1511, 570×280 cm
The action on the fresco stopped a second before the beginning of the biblical story — the creation of man by God. The Bible says that God “breathed into his face the breath of life, and man became a living soul” (Gen. 2:7). But Michelangelo, according to the researchers, had his own vision: in his fresco we see the creation of not just man, but homo sapiens (“Homo sapiens”). Adam is clearly able to breathe and move, but he is still an incomplete creation. What was he missing? Us Temple University Professor Marsha Hall answers this question: “from the point of view of the Italian Renaissance, the endowment of man with the ability to think meant to be created in the image and likeness of God.” Some researchers believe that here Michelangelo depicted the Creator as the source of the mind literally: in the form of the brain. Look at it “in the company” of the surrounding objects-all together really looks like an anatomical image of the contents of our skull!
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5. Raphael Santi, the Sistine Madonna (1513)
Rafael Santi. Sistine Madonna
Sistine Madonna
Rafael Santi
1513, 269.5 x 201 cm
On the canvas, Raphael depicted the appearance of the virgin Mary with the infant Christ in her arms to Saint Sixtus. The painting was commissioned by the artist Pope Julius II. The painter wrote in the canvas a lot of details that are important for their own worldview. Raphael was gnostica: supporters of this religious movement believed that they possess special knowledge about God and about the world. And they, in particular, was very fond of the number “six”. The researchers note the significance of this number for the picture. Its composition consists of six figures, and on the right hand of St. Sixtus as if six fingers (though, if you look closely, the “sixth finger” – it is rather the inner side of the palm).
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6. Peter Bruegel, Sr., “Hunters in the snow” (1565)
Peter Bruegel The Elder. Hunters in the snow. The cycle “the seasons”, January
Hunters in the snow. The cycle “the seasons”, January
Pieter Bruegel The Elder
1565, 117×162 cm
With this, of course, a great picture is also connected with the financial history. The then businessman Jongelink, who revered the art of Bruegel, ordered the artist a cycle of six paintings depicting the seasons (“Hunters in the snow” — one of them). Bruegel has not yet completed the work, and Angelinka financial difficulties began. To borrow money from the city Treasury, the entrepreneur laid still unwritten paintings of the master — more precisely, a document confirming the rights to them. As a result, immediately after writing Bruegel’s work fell into the Treasury vault. The artist himself never saw them again.
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7. Rembrandt Harmens van Rijn, the Night watch (1642)
Rembrandt Harmens van Rijn. Night watch, or the Performance of the rifle company of captain Frans banning Coca and Lieutenant Willem van Ruytenburgh
Night watch, or the Performance of the rifle company of captain Frans banning Coca and Lieutenant Willem van Ruytenburgh
Rembrandt Harmens van Rijn
1642, 379.5 x 453.5 cm
“The night’s watch, or the Performance of the rifle company of captain Frans Bunning Kock and Lieutenant Willem van Rijtenburg” is the full title of the picture. And she is one of the most long-suffering in art history. First, the layer of soot has changed the original color of the “Night watch”: the scene takes place in the white day, so that its” dark ” name of the work was a misunderstanding. Secondly, the canvas was cut horizontally and vertically. Thirdly, it suffered from inept restorations, and in 1990 a mentally ill visitor to the Rijksmuseum splashed acid on the painting. At the same time,” Night watch ” remains a masterpiece and even an object of pilgrimage.
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Rembrandt’s iconic “Night watch” goes for restoration-in full view of the public
8. Diego Velazquez, “Las Meninas” (1656)
Diego Velazquez. Las Meninas
Las Meninas
Diego Velazquez
1656, 318×276 cm
“Ladies” — so is translated the name of the painting by Velasquez. On the canvas, depicting the moment of writing a portrait of the Royal couple (the Royal couple are displayed in the mirror in the background) and the daily life of the Infanta Margarita and her ladies, Velazquez captured himself with a palette in his hands. On the chest of the artist you can see the order of St. Iago — the highest state award of Spain at the time. The artist was awarded the order at the end of his life. By order of king Philip IV, another painter finished painting the award on Velazquez’s chest on the “Meninas”.
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Velazquez, his slave and his son-in-law: disciples of the great Spaniard
9. Jan Vermeer, “The girl with the pearl earring” (1665)
Jan Vermeer. Girl with a pearl earring
Girl with a pearl earring
Jan Vermeer
1665, 44.5 x 39 cm
Dutch painter Jan Vermeer did not give names to his paintings. “Girl with a pearl earring” picture was named much later, and immediately began to debate whether the decoration is considered a pearl? Most researchers are inclined to believe that in the ear of the model earring made of Venetian glass, and the portrait itself is more a figment of the imagination of the painter.

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Good question. Is it true that the earring in the picture “The girl with the pearl earring” is not really a pearl?
10. Karl Brullov, “the Last day of Pompeii” (1830s)
Karl Pavlovich Brullov. The last day of Pompeii
The last day of Pompeii
Karl Pavlovich Brullov
1830s, 465.5×651 cm
Brullov wrote “the Last day of Pompeii” in just 11 months, but the preparation for the work (sketches, sketches) took six years. At the same time, the majestic and terrifying canvas, telling about the death of the city of Pompeii from the eruption of mount Vesuvius, keeps a portrait of the artist himself. In the left part of the picture, under a box with brushes and paints, Brullov depicted himself.
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11. Katsushika Hokusai, “the big wave in Kanagawa” (1832)
Katsushika Hokusai. The big wave in Kanagawa
The big wave in Kanagawa
Katsushika Hokusai
1832, 25.7×37.9 cm
Woodcut by Japanese artist Hokusai Katsushika is the first work from the series “Thirty-six views of Fuji”. Mount Fuji is seen in the distance and is the background to the main action in the picture. The work is made in the style of Ukiyo-e and is considered the most famous and popular works of Japanese art outside of Japan itself.
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Ukiyo-e-Japanese woodcut

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