Italian Renaissance painting, XV-XVI centuries.
Painting Italy XV-early XVI century introduces the era of formation and flowering of Renaissance art. The ideological basis of the Italian culture of the Renaissance was humanism, and one of its most important components – the discovery and deep creative development of the ancient heritage. The art of that time asserts the idea of the high destiny of man. In their works, the artists displayed the world around them, based on scientific achievements, they developed the foundations of linear perspective, studied human anatomy and the laws of lighting.
The leading cultural center during the Early Renaissance (XV century) was Florence. Sandro Botticelli, one of the prominent masters of the time, belongs full of inner excitement “Annunciation”, referring to the late period of his work.
The high idea of man was embodied in the painting “Portrait of a young man in the image of St. Sebastian” Boltraffio, one of the Milanese disciples of Leonardo da Vinci.
In the Renaissance, a brilliant flourishing experienced Venetian school, represented in the Museum’s collection of works by Jacopo Palma the Elder, Titian, Paris Bordone, Savoldo, Veronese, Jacopo Palma the Younger and others.
The era of the High Renaissance (the first quarter of the XVI century) is replaced by a crisis of humanistic culture. During this period, the main focus is mannerism (from the word “maniera” – manner, reception), received the most vivid embodiment in the works of Giulio Romano, Bronzino, Camillo Procaccini, Naldini, Fosca.