The opening of the Moscow Public and Rumyantsev Museum in 1862 significantly stimulated the collecting activities of Muscovites, many of whom came from a merchant environment. By the opening of the Museum in 1862, the Hermitage transferred to its collection two hundred paintings by Western European masters, however, during the existence of the Museum (a little more than fifty years), its picture gallery was significantly enriched by the gifts of private individuals.in 1924, the picture gallery of the Rumyantsev Museum almost completely passed to the GMII. The Italian school, which occupied two of the six exhibition halls of the Museum, was represented mainly by paintings of painters of the XVII-XVIII centuries. The works of such masters as Guercino, Pietro da Cortona, Alessandro Turki, Paolo Pagani, Luca Giordano, can now be seen in the Museum. Continue reading
Painting Italy XV-early XVI century introduces the era of formation and flowering of Renaissance art. The ideological basis of the Italian culture of the Renaissance was humanism, and one of its most important components – the discovery and deep creative development of the ancient heritage. The art of that time asserts the idea of the high destiny of man. In their works, the artists displayed the world around them, based on scientific achievements, they developed the foundations of linear perspective, studied human anatomy and the laws of lighting.
The leading cultural center during the Early Renaissance (XV century) was Florence. Sandro Botticelli, one of the prominent masters of the time, belongs full of inner excitement “Annunciation”, referring to the late period of his work. Continue reading